Laborintus II, for 3 voices, 8 actors, speaker, ensemble & tape (1963-1965)
Christiane Legrand, soprano
Janette Baucomont, soprano
Claudine Meunier, contralto
Edoardo Sanguineti, speaker
Ensemble Musique Vivante
The relationship between text and music has always been the central point in Berio's work. Laborintus II, composed between 1963 and 1965 on a commission from ORTF (Office de Radio et Television Francaise) to celebrate the 700th anniversary of Dante's birth, is based upon the poem "Laborintus" by Edoardo Sanguineti, in which some themes from Dante's Vita Nova, Convivio and Divina Commedia are developed. This is again combined, according with formal and semantic analogies, with excerpts from the Bible and with texts from Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot.
One of the main Dantesque "theme" is the catalogue, and the music itself is a sort of catalogue of different styles from Monteverdi to jazz and electronic music. Vocal action is the supporting structure (human voice is always present, in different forms and functions, through the work), the instrumental parts are to be considered like an extension of the voices and the short electronic parts are an extension of the instrumental music. Even the intelligibility (or not) of the text is a part of this structure.
According to the composer, Laborintus II is a work that can be treated like a document, a story or for dance, and can be performed everywhere is possible to join together an audience, so there is no limit to perform it in a school, or in a theatre, or in television. [allmusic.com]
Art by Vicky Neumann
Marin Community Foundation and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders in Philanthropy.
Overall, US-born Muslims make up the largest percentage at 34% of all Muslims in the Bay Area, followed by 14% born in Pakistan, 11% in Afghanistan, 10% in India, 3% in Egypt and 2% each in Iran, Jordan, Palestine and Yemen.
Silicon Valley Pakistani-American by the Numbers:
There are 35,000 Pakistani-born Muslims in San Francisco Bay Area, or 14% of the 250,000 Muslims who call the Bay Area home, according to the study. Bay Area Muslim community constitutes 3.5 percent of the area’s total population and is one of the highest concentrations of Muslims in the country.
As of 2013, South Asian Muslims, including Pakistanis, have the highest income levels, with nearly half (49%) of them having a household income above $100,000. In comparison, those groups with the lowest proportion of household incomes above $100,000 were Hispanic Muslims (15%), Afghans (10%), and African American Muslims (10%).
The Bay Area Muslim community is very diverse in terms of race and ethnicity:
South Asians (30%)
African Americans (9%)
Asian/Pacific Islanders (7%)
Based on the survey findings, the majority of Muslims live in the following three counties:
and Contra Costa (12%)
Thousands of Pakistan-born techies are working at Apple, Cisco, Google, Intel, Oracle and hundreds of other high-tech companies from small start-ups to large Fortune 500 corporations. Pakistani-Americans are contributing to what Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee describe as "The Second Machine Age" in a recent book with the same title.