This clip presents the rules and legislation regarding animal testing of cosmetic products in the EU and its development over the last few years.
The regulation that covers cosmetic products animal testing is regulation 1223/2009.
Cosmetic products animal testing is prohibited in the EU since 11. March 2013, and this prohibition applies to all of the products placed on the EU market -- those produced in the EU, and those imported from outside of the EU alike.
The prohibition of animal testing in the EU was gradual. Initially, on the 11th September 2004, animal testing of finished cosmetic products became prohibited. In March 2009 prohibition of testing of ingredients or combinations of ingredients on animals came into force, as well as the marketing ban of cosmetic products and ingredients which have been tested on animals in order to meet the requirements of the EU cosmetics legislation.
Since then only animal testing to demonstrate the safety of cosmetic products for the most complex human health effects (repeat-dose systemic toxicity, skin sensitisation, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity and toxicokinetics) was allowed, but even that became banned in March 2013.
However, data obtained from animal testing prior to these dates can continue to be relied upon in the safety assessments of cosmetic products.
Marin Community Foundation and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders in Philanthropy.
Overall, US-born Muslims make up the largest percentage at 34% of all Muslims in the Bay Area, followed by 14% born in Pakistan, 11% in Afghanistan, 10% in India, 3% in Egypt and 2% each in Iran, Jordan, Palestine and Yemen.
Silicon Valley Pakistani-American by the Numbers:
There are 35,000 Pakistani-born Muslims in San Francisco Bay Area, or 14% of the 250,000 Muslims who call the Bay Area home, according to the study. Bay Area Muslim community constitutes 3.5 percent of the area’s total population and is one of the highest concentrations of Muslims in the country.
As of 2013, South Asian Muslims, including Pakistanis, have the highest income levels, with nearly half (49%) of them having a household income above $100,000. In comparison, those groups with the lowest proportion of household incomes above $100,000 were Hispanic Muslims (15%), Afghans (10%), and African American Muslims (10%).
The Bay Area Muslim community is very diverse in terms of race and ethnicity:
South Asians (30%)
African Americans (9%)
Asian/Pacific Islanders (7%)
Based on the survey findings, the majority of Muslims live in the following three counties:
and Contra Costa (12%)
Thousands of Pakistan-born techies are working at Apple, Cisco, Google, Intel, Oracle and hundreds of other high-tech companies from small start-ups to large Fortune 500 corporations. Pakistani-Americans are contributing to what Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee describe as "The Second Machine Age" in a recent book with the same title.