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Cows, Carbon and Climate | Joel Salatin | TEDxCharlottesville

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Joel Salatin, an organic farmer located in the Shanendoah Valley in Virginia, loves his grass - and so do his cows. In this talk Salatin outlines the role that this often unsung hero of the plant world plays in sustainable farming, and the effects that its efficient utilization can have on the world around us. Joel Salatin is a third generation beyond organic farmer and author whose family owns and operates Polyface Farm in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley. The farm produces salad bar beef, pigaerator pork, pastured poultry, forage-based rabbits and direct markets everything to 5,000 families, 50 restaurants, and 10 retail outlets. A prolific author, Salatin's nine books to date include both how-to and big picture themes. The farm features prominently in Michael Pollan's NYT bestseller Omnivore's Dilemma and the award-winning documentary, Food Inc. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
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Text Comments (217)
Sly Fox Duke (13 days ago)
It's called holistic management
LIndokuhle Xolani (14 days ago)
What about natural grazing lawns?
Anthony Lemkendorf (1 month ago)
Grass is great , but, a little grain towards harvest makes a big difference in taste.Selective meat eaters are healthier and consume less than vegans.
Jacqueline Howden (1 month ago)
All you need to do is come to new zealand and see our grass based farming systems
Rod Nemisis (2 months ago)
Well yes it would be more natural, but the deamand for meat is so high, there is simply not the space for all the cows to graze on pastures, or the quantity for pasture to feed them with it... There are simply too many cows and too litle land to make this a reality for all cows
Ron L (2 months ago)
yup its true dinosaurs ended the ice age by farting
moses Irfan (3 months ago)
See vegans .... here is the solution, the solution is not abstaining from meat and deteriorating your body. Instead of growing 100s acres of soy and depleting the soil we should let the natural cycle of herbivores take place
junethemaster (3 months ago)
I seriously cannot believe that this was not titled, Respecting the Cowness of the Cow. Smh!!
Matthew More (4 months ago)
Daves Faves (4 months ago)
Love Joel. The most passionate man I’ve ever heard speak.
William Jarosz (4 months ago)
The funny part is he didn't even mention all the health benefits that come along with eating grass fed animals they are the ultimate alchemists turning undigestible, to humans, grass into the most nutrient dense food on the planet, and as he did say nurturing the planet and the animals, so they don't have to live a terrible life.
Hannibal Floyd (4 months ago)
Sadly for now the dystopian delusions of globalized veganism and lab-cultured meat get all the attention. It's vital that this message reaches the mainstream before we completely run out of soil to mine and fossil fuels to burn.
Trump's Dingleberries (5 months ago)
This guy is funny! I'll kill him last.
Sander Muijsson (5 months ago)
He is fighting the new world vegan order. What a hero. They will kill him if he continues like that.
Curiosité Constante (5 months ago)
Don't need herbivore, bacteria and mycelium are the builder of the soil, animal actually doesn't really help, also tree with their leaf and small roots and tread with mycelium, they produce more carbon for the soil then the grass.
Cody R Watt (6 months ago)
Sure this model is very simple but cannot be done here in North America. There simply just too many “meat lovers” here. If we want to continue eating this way the entire land mass will be cows. We need to limit the amount of meat consumed drastically and we need to use cover crops and regenerative farming to build soil or bio mass. And protect the old growth grass lands.
awesomewelles1990 (6 months ago)
Why farm the cows then? Why not let wild species get on with it themselves?
Clyde A Glide (1 month ago)
Because they do not have the wide open plains anymore to do so. We have to mimic nature but on a smaller scale...
Doug H. Nuts (6 months ago)
There's a YT Ted on this dude that set out to kill off a bunch of elephants to bring back the grass. It takes him 20-30 years to figure out that made it worse. It's similar to what this guy is trying to say. If anything, mono-crops should be suspect.
Yash 00 (7 months ago)
Just go vegan. stop using cows for food.
Vegan Walk (7 months ago)
Some good points until he got to the nutrient dense foods. The most nutrient-dense foods are not herbivores. The most nutrient-dense Foods or not animals at all, they're absolutely plants not animals. Study up get it right buddy
zarah doan (9 months ago)
I think he meant sunbeam's ubiquitous not esoteric....I think anyway
Jared Hmm (9 months ago)
Unfortunately it's not practical to feed 7 billion people (and counting) by dedicating massive amounts of land to animals when we could be growing biologically diverse condensed gardens of vegetables on much less land. Why filter your nutrition through the flesh of an animal when you could just go directly to the source? Following a plant-based diet would eliminate a large amount of the world's health problems. To create enough pasture to raise enough meat to feed the entire human population requires a massive amount of ancient forests to be cleared off of the earth forever. Grass is far less valuable than these old ecosystems which have taken thousands of years to evolve to their current form. It's not possible to manage the natural waste created from the 70 billion livestock that we currently farm. As a result, it runs off into rivers and finds its way into oceans, severely damaging all of the ecosystems along the way and creating dead zones within the ocean. My final point to make here is that "blue zones" (locations on earth where the residing populations have the longest life expectancy) all follow a primarily plant-based diet.
Anthony Lemkendorf (1 month ago)
Johnson Tao perfect rebuttal !
Johnson Tao (2 months ago)
You done screaming "the sky is falling"? Before colonization by the western civilization, we had more migratory herbivores and more healthy native populations cohabiting the same ecosystem. Now here you are, harping on more privatization of land, while isolating and alienating herbivores species.
Mike Harrington (10 months ago)
Joel is da man.
Éanna Tiernan (10 months ago)
Everyone needs to visit Ireland and New Zealand to see optimum grassland management for dairy cows, beef cattle and sheep. The top farmers can produce up to 17 tonnes per hectare or 15,000 lbs per acre.
mark sears (11 months ago)
Such bull*&#% Nutrient dense food .Just curious how many of you have actually been on a farm... when you spread that 50lbs of surprise Betsy produces multiplied by how ever many more... doesn’t all stay on the land it ends up in the water ways ponds creeks.. As a child I swam in a pond with this runoff when you get out it’s on your skin and looks like chocolate milk... it’s also great to see he mentions McDonald’s and Burger king clever don’t forget to mention your sponsors!!
Wander With Purpose (9 months ago)
Your experience is from industrial farming. Seriously do any of you people have critical thinking skills? Go do some research and drop the pissy attitude. Actually do real research and learn. Don't just watch a "documentary" and then proclaim yourself morally superior because you buy over-priced over-processed "vegan" food. I say "vegan" because how many rodents and insects do you think were killed to get you your precious dairy-free cheese? Or even that package of blueberries you have sitting on your counter. Life is an endless cycle of renewal. All things live and die. Something must die for you to live. The point is to treat it and the land you use grow it on with respect, be it plant or animal.
SolidAtom (10 months ago)
Runoff only occurs if the soil is unable to absorb the liquids. With the management he is proposing, the soil is in such good condition that it absorbs almost all water that falls in it. Watch some YouTube videos about him and check out more of his practices. It makes much more sense when you see just how clean and regenerative a proper farm can be. Also, you could check out his farm (Polyface Farm) on his website by the same name. Reply if you have any questions.
BuckingFeast (11 months ago)
"Using" her. We should not be "using" cows. They breathe, feel and express emotion just like dogs, cats or even us. The future is animal product and suffering free. Just think about it.
Erin Froehlich (3 months ago)
BuckingFeast - Also, this guy talks like cows and other farm animals are the only animals capable of eating grass. Promise the world was doing just fine before we started breeding massive amounts of animals! Aren't we constantly being warned there are "too many" deer? -.-
Erin Froehlich (3 months ago)
Nate - Using cows is what will bring about boiling oceans. Animal agriculture is the leading cause of climate change. You think gods want you to destroy the planet with your selfishness? You think they want you to kill animals when you don't need to? Find a new god.
Nate (4 months ago)
The oceans will be boiling, and earth will turn into Venus, but hey! at least we didn't "use" cows. You're a cow. We're all being used for higher purposes that you do not control. Animals are in the stewardship of humanity, and humanity is in the stewardship of gods.
Edwina Lee (11 months ago)
It is far more efficient in every way to feed humans directly than feed a farm animal, then eat the animal.
Edwina Lee (10 months ago)
Grass fed cows on land unsuitable for growing crops is good for the environment.
SolidAtom (10 months ago)
I think the philosophy is that herbivores are necessary to maintain quality soils without the heavy use of machinery. Since the herbivores are already needed and going to die anyways of old age or disease, what is wrong with ending its life humanely and making use of its calorie filled body. Furthermore, humans cannot digest grass and so cows perform a valuable service of converting the inedible to edible in order to better feed the world.
Jack Clark (11 months ago)
My man, Joel, pulls through again. Keep up the good work
Arnold Van Kampen (1 year ago)
As a way to stop desertification, it could work. But what if you start taking beef off the land and eating it a 1000 km further down. It would break the cycle. Nutrients would leak out of the system and would have to be replenished somehow.
Geert Anthonis (1 year ago)
I'm impressed! Not a big meat eater but now I want a cow. He is so right. Let the herbivore do its job and build the soil.
D&T Floyd (1 year ago)
Brilliant mind and compassionate man... so few like him who step up to point out the critical info and the betrayal of our elected government and it's offices that regulate our lives.
Dawson Gray (1 year ago)
What about all the methane from the cows?
A Person (2 months ago)
+Mio Giardino human fart and cow's fart are diffrent That much of methan because of cow's fart is correlated to their food
Mio Giardino (6 months ago)
Talk about this in over populated cities where people fart everyday without concern.
Sapphire Gully Meats (11 months ago)
Grass-fed cattle output much less methane than grain fed. If you are worried about methane, then I hate to say Elephants, wild buffalo in Africa, other ruminants (and 7 billion humans) express more methane than domestic cattle do.
John DuRette (1 year ago)
Lots of sources of methane in the world. It makes up a minuscule part of aerosols in our atmosphere. Ruminant do more to sequester carbon because they take plants and build biomass.
Brad Wilson (1 year ago)
This is what Joel Salatin does so well.  He's a world class speaker on this stuff.  (But don't listen to him on farm policy, including the way it's moved us away from all of this.)
Yagya Dollie (1 year ago)
Joel expresses the most basic concepts of land and animal husbandry in ways that everyone can appreciate.
bashful228 (1 year ago)
"In actuality" to use Salatin's language, the temperate rainforests of SE Australia (Gippsland in eastern Victoria) sequester more carbon than any other land use, natural ecosystem or cultivated man-made system, in Australia. So take what Joe Stalin says with a grain of self-interest.
Lilac Lizard (1 year ago)
which video bashful? On the surface your claims seem far less credible than his. Everything I've read would indicate the more mass created, the more carbon being sucked out of the air to create it. Grass is one of, if not the fastest growing plant & it covers the entire surface, with equal amounts of growth underground in the form of roots. It doesn't seem possible that trees with gaps between them would be sequesting more carbon than this. It also doesn't seem rational that the slower growing SE Australia forests would be sequesting more than faster growing tropical rainforests, but I'm still learning, so interested to hear what you have to say on it & why you think the old growth forests are higher
bashful228 (1 year ago)
Tony Lovel wouldn't know the first thing about SE Australia old growth forests sequestration rates, highest sequestration rates in Australia.
bashful228 (1 year ago)
Lovel is in the business of propaganda. I've put detailed debunkers on his video, point by point.
just me (1 year ago)
factory farming is cruel and damaging to the environment. with new science we have now we can feed the world much better than ever. everyone can help. support your local farmer. check out their operation. consumers rule. if enough of us (vegans too) stop supporting mega factory farms they will change or die
Common Cents (1 year ago)
Livestock is not sustainable despite his improvements. Factory farmed cattle is produces far less greenhouse gas than grass fed, sorry. He also feeds his cattle hay during Dec-April when the grass don't grow. At 10 acres per cow we'd use up half of all farmland in the US. By the way, look him up. He believes animals are merely machines with "no souls" to serve mankind. Have you ever seen the reaction of a mother cow when the calf is pulled away shortly after birth? Its heart-wrenching. Cows can live to 15years yet they a killed and eaten as essentially babies.
TheKajunkat (1 year ago)
you make the mistake of personifying the cow. It is not human and does not think like us, react like us or have emotions like us. You see a reaction that you think mimics a human emotion so you think that is what the cow is experiencing. You actually have no idea because you are not a cow. Your estimate of 10 acres per cow is highly inflated. His ratio is approaching 1 acre per cow, plus producing pork, chicken, turkey, rabbits and vegetables. All of this with no antibiotics, no chemical fertilizer, building top soil and using the water he collects from rain.
Lilac Lizard (1 year ago)
properly managed rotational grazing, like he is talking about isn't "producing less greenhouse gas" than factory farming, it's actually carbon sequencing and removing 100 tonnes of CO2 from the air per hectare converted to this! and you do know don't you that before white man, America has 75 MILLION bison? - with no-one factory feeding them!
rtcodypr (1 year ago)
this stuff is so simple is astonishing people dont understand that all that grass eaten turns into more fertilizer and then the grass grows back fixing more carbon and the world goes round, pruning almost any plant will result in increased growth, wonder why? because the plant assumes it was just eaten completely above ground so wants to bounce back to maintain its own existence, and we can take advantage of this . I blame the fertilizer industries for disconnecting farmers from the land
Roberto Lhopital (1 year ago)
One correction on grass production, the spanish lang subtitles reads "hectares", when actually Salatin says "acres". 1ha = 2.47 acres
Jared Mummert (1 year ago)
Now I'm not exactly sure how the chemistry works out, but I've heard that grass fed cows produce less greenhouse gasses than grain fed cows. My logic is that since the cow's stomach is meant to ferment the grass so that it can be broken down easier, when you give it grain you get a higher concentration of methane, or methanol. Think about it, grain is very easily fermented into alcohol (beer), but have you ever heard of a grass alcohol? I'm assuming that since the grass is easier to digest for the cow they don't end up burping up as much methane as they do when eating grain. Again, I'm not sure on how the chemistry works out.
TheDave570 (1 year ago)
Pheasant is NOT native to North America!! they are chinese and were brought here !!
TheKajunkat (1 year ago)
They have adapted and become part of the environment now just like common carp and countless other species. All species were invasive at some point, that is how they expand range. In that case it was intentional. sometimes it works out sometimes it doesn't (grass and silver carp for example). Regardless they are still wild and need a suitable habitat.
franzb69 (1 year ago)
wow disliking a great man like this. anyone that dislikes his talk can rot in hell.
Andrew Colvin (6 months ago)
Disliked. This hypothesis has not been supported by the research. Great ideas don’t always work. Sorry You feel so strongly that you feel you need to damn people to a non-existent afterlife.
bashful228 (1 year ago)
nothing like hearing what you want to here.
Laura Paulisich (1 year ago)
iLOVE Joel Salatin!!! "The Blessed Way!" Inspiring/informative! #genius #SuperFan
Dan Reinhard (1 year ago)
go to New Zealand and learn about rotational grazing !!
Agenda In Mind (1 year ago)
I wish the idiots in Princeton watch this. Those autistic freaks think trees are the answer to everything.
bashful228 (1 year ago)
no prejudice in your comments, reflects many "blue team" ranchers.
Niall O'Toole (2 years ago)
People really love to hear good things about their bad habits. Completely wrong on so many points. Meat/dairy is not nutrient rich, it is calorie rich and nutrient poor. We simply do not have enough land to feed the world to do this. This would only work on a local level, assuming his results get peer reviewed and confirmed. You need much more land to graze to get the same calories as current destructive methods, the animals take longer to grow to market size and still get artificially inseminated, calves separated and still get killed in the same slaughterhouse.
Johnson Tao (2 months ago)
Niall, last time you checked, how many stomachs do you have as yourself a human being? And how many of said stomachs for yours are meant to ferment plant based food? If your answers aren't one then zero, are you even human?
Erin Froehlich (3 months ago)
+Wander With Purpose The problem is that humans consume more beef and dairy than can be raised exclusively in areas unsuited for crop growing. It is not sustainable unless we reduce our consumption drastically.
Victoria Fernandez-Boron (4 months ago)
😂 beef is higher in all the essential nutrients, such as B12, than plant matter. And the reason you don't forget "straight to the source" is because meat protein is in the most bioavailable form. There's protein yes in many plants, but they are not as bio available or lacking in some of the essential Amino acids. So eating meat is efficient, it is more nutrient dense per gram and more bioavailable than plant matter. It doesn't matter if you're getting extra nutrients, if you're not getting the ESSENTIAL nutrients, the ones you absolutely need to live. Signed, a former vegan.
Hannie Ziegel (7 months ago)
That was for Niall..
Cameron McKinley (2 years ago)
Agreed, herbivores play a crucial role, but we have vastly outweighed the ratio to herbivores (cows in particular) to carbon sequestering. Cows hardly ever eat grass these days... Ever see on a menu- "Grass fed cows", yeah, that's a serious rarity.
B uppy (10 months ago)
Idaho Spud I really like grassfed Hereford with salt, pepper and garlic. Angus doesn't flavor up like that...
B uppy (10 months ago)
John Goudge Mark Shepard has added an innovation in pasturing livestock such that cattle can put on the pounds more quickly. It is probably what Joel is doing here. Mr Shepard calls it "First Bite". Mr Shepard discusses it in his book "Regenerative Agriculture".
Liz Crittenden (1 year ago)
Cameron McKinley There’s grass fed cows about 15 min from my house. They rotate them on the land so they don’t eat everything.
Idaho Spud (1 year ago)
So that's why I don't like beef anymore.
Bob Silleck (2 years ago)
Quite the salesman. I'd be interested in getting the facts on the subject.
Sapphire Gully Meats (11 months ago)
No problem, What Joel is saying is standard practice in large Australian cattle properties and in South Africa.
Baneet Singh (2 years ago)
This man is clearly self-interested in preserving farming of cows. Fact is it would still be massively inefficient, and contribute to loss of forests, drinkable water, and grain which could be used to feed the hungry. Eating beef just is not sustainable
Wander With Purpose (9 months ago)
You obviously didn't watch the video or just have poor comprehension. He doesn't use grain. He uses these animals as nature intended. They are stewards of the land and keep the grass life cycle flowing and in fact help rebuild the soils we have eroded over time from excessive farming.
Sapphire Gully Meats (11 months ago)
Sorry, have to disagree. In fact, Joel is arguing against feeding cattle grain. You can graze cattle in certain forested areas but you cannot grow crops in the uncleared land. Moreso, the Earth has enormous tracts of natural savannah land which is naturally treeless. Very often, you cannot grow crops on this land. It does not have enough water, has insufficient rain, and irrigation is not an option. Using rotational grazing techniques the cattle producer can at once, run more cattle without overgrazing, increase the carbon content and improve the natural grass.
Rafael Vasconcelos (11 months ago)
Of course it is the future dude. They just need time for the high industries and laboratories to adapt to the new future plant based diet. That is why I think it is useless making activism, because thinking through political, economical and of course mass manipulation, it is almost insane not changing the current meat/dairy diet. So do not worry, plant based diet will take place.
BuckingFeast (11 months ago)
If you do the research, following a plant based diet requires far less carbon excretion and water use than eating animal flesh. The future is animal product free.
Amar Asrrak (2 years ago)
That man is an idiot who can’t stand any critic about his barbeque, and is making everything he can to feel good about he’s contribution to the problem that we have with animal agriculture, if we really wanted to still eat meat and have all cows grass fed we would need 2 planets covered with grass. Go watch cowspiracy. The answer is in our behavior, we have to learn to be humble and respectful towards nature. The answer is veganism. No excuses. This Talk is just confusing people about ridiculous ideas about wiring all the landscape
Sapphire Gully Meats (11 months ago)
Sorry, have to disagree. In fact, Joel is arguing against feeding cattle grain. You can graze cattle in certain forested areas but you cannot grow crops in the uncleared land. Moreso, the Earth has enormous tracts of natural savannah land which is naturally treeless. Very often, you cannot grow crops on this land. It does not have enough water, has insufficient rain, and irrigation is not an option. Using rotational grazing techniques the cattle producer can at once, run more cattle without overgrazing, increase the carbon content and improve the natural grass. In other words, he is right. I can talk of many years experience in Australia.
Martin Thompson (1 year ago)
herbivores did not create the soil. the grass did. herbivores may have kept the ecosystem from turning to woodland but they were not cows atleast not in america. it is true that row crops mine the soil but they are mostly grown to feed cows. cows do not increase soil fertility all they do is concentrate plant material but that can also be achieved with mulch which tends to be what people do in permaculture. It is the trees that create more biomass and also a good living environment with shade for people to live. Your presumably not suggesting to live on just cows so probably would still be advocating for row crops rather than food gardening. In a food garden having a cow comes with some work you have to get up early to milk it and take it out for a walk so it can eat and in anycase it will be lonely. Much better to have wild herbivores in the grasslands and in the gardens have fruits and vegetables and nuts and herbs and squirrels and so on. There is a video called Bill Mollison ranting. He is the guy who came up with term permaculture and in that video he talks about how so much land in africa is used to farm cattle for no other reason than to make dog food. He says how they put fences up and the wild animals died up against them. In Europe the second largest group of caged animals is rabbits presumably to feed cats. Not many people mention that one. The land isn't there to pay for farmers overheads and investments. Simply there is so much more better quality and fresher food that can be produced in a garden. farming is essentially a business that works hard to make itself a market like selling ice to eskimos. sure it is possible if you move them to a desert. The farmers get to be in the people desert and the other people in the food desert. makes sense really if you have land to get people to come live where the food is. then it is nolonger any desert at all. There is a video called The Wild Plant Cafe in Durango Colorado where they sell actual herbs out of meadows. Could be a market for that stuff afterall its almost centainly much more nutritious than produce grown in heavily depleted soils full of herbicides. have to wonder hey what is the point in making good land if all your going to do is have cows living on it? tell you what vegans can also make good manure.
D&T Floyd (1 year ago)
Go eat your veggies and watch a channel that suits you. He doesn't need to be followed by carping Trolls. This man is brilliant, and is the answer to huge need in our time.
Ingrid du Preez (2 years ago)
The point IS, the POOR cows STILL DIE! They do NOT want to DIE! Do you? What if you were made to trade places with a cow, would you LIKE to die to become a corpse, destined for the hamburgers at McDonald's? Oh... You wouldn't? WELL. NEITHER DO COWS!
Wander With Purpose (9 months ago)
Tell me, do you feel bad for the insects that are killed to keep the plants you eat alive? Do the insects want to die?
Beep Boop (10 months ago)
just me veganism is the best way to abolish animal abuse. You're giving 0 dollars to people who kill animals for a living.
Beep Boop (10 months ago)
Francis Graf you sound delusional, because you're trying sounding spiritual. If you believe in Buddhism or something like that, the Buddha has stated that eating meat extinguishes the seed of great kindness. If you believe in another thing such as a God. We're playing God with these animals. We are deciding which ones get to be born, which ones die. And how we want them to look like and breed. All for unnecessary reasons. If you don't believe in either how is stabbing an animal that didn't want to die ethical or spiritual? Look up humane slaughter and tell me if you're satisfied. There is no humane way to end someone's life.
Beep Boop (10 months ago)
Peter Benvenuto Stiegmaier I'd rather for them not to be bred and killed purely for our taste pleasure, because its unsustainable. And if I were in their position I would rather not get bred with the purpose of getting stabbed in the throats one day, or sent to a slaughterhouse (Which is how all this organic/grass fed animals get killed).
Beep Boop (10 months ago)
Smallpotato1965 dying =\= getting killed at a fraction of your lifespan.
dontpanicthistime (2 years ago)
What if American farmers grew grass mowed it at the "right time" and fed it to their cows? Would the carbon sink equate to the deisel used?
use your cows legs
Philly Jimi (2 years ago)
Why not just let the cows mow it for you'? Why use a mower? Did you miss the part about the high tech electric fencing he was talking about. He keeps the cows penned in a very small pasture for a day or 2 then he moves them. The cow dung fertilizes the soil, he moves chickens back into the same pastures at after the cows to eat the bugs and to help spread the cow dung.
Anne Hurly (2 years ago)
New Zealand still grows all its beef on pastures (we call them paddocks here).
Homie Gibiotch (7 months ago)
we call them paddocks here too !!
B uppy (10 months ago)
Anne Hurly Here, paddocks could be small spaces also.
Kazzana (1 year ago)
Yes, NZ does raise it's beef on pasture, but it is not mob grazing, so we here have the same problem of over grazing, not allowing enough time for grass to regenerate. Our dairy herds, would come closer to what could be described as mob grazing, but are grazed on younger grass than beef cattle for milk fat. Mono-culture type farming is also the norm here. NZ farmers are also farming with chemicals, which kill soil life, so are in this nasty cycle of having to add fertility in an ever degrading system. Everything a plant needs to grow is already in the soil, and if we would just nurture our soil life, and actually get off our backsides and manage our animals, we would have a healthy regenerative system. Another thing NZ does badly, is a dehydrating infrastructure, in which our plentiful rainfall, is directed to the nearest drain, stream, river and out to sea. Every year farmers will moan about drought in summer, yet make no attempt to keep that rainfall on the land longer, to absorb into the soil. It is true, that us New Zealanders find cattle lots abhorrent, hence they are rare here, but we as a nation, still have a long way to go, to overcome the chemical corporations influence on our farming practices.
FireRupee (1 year ago)
Anne Hurly And with the rising rate of droughts and higher corn prices, some farmers in America have been feeding their cows more of other grains, and even sugar cookies, gummy bears, and ice cream sprinkles mixed in. Dunno how common that is elsewhere.
Jefferdaughter (2 years ago)
In the USA, pastures used to mean large fenced areas, and paddocks were smaller, sometimes divisions of pastures. But Americans seem to be using any word to mean 'whatever'...
Gustav (2 years ago)
okay, as far as I know for this to work and grow 10.000 pounds of grass you have to leave half of it on the ground because otherwise you couldn't produce 10.000 pounds witch makes 5.000 pounds
Lilac Lizard (1 year ago)
Actually, just thinking, I have heard of a system where they have a "run" and then small paddocks inside the inner circle or on each side of the "run" (basically a road). I wonder if that would work in dairy? (so you'd open a different small paddock each day and have a "road" down the middle that remained accessible to them at all times that led to the milking shed). If the paddocks were long & thin enough from the road & positioned on each side of the road & the shed in the middle, so the furthest paddock was the shortest walk possible, it might work? I wonder if anyone's tried it, I'm guessing probably not, at least not on a large scale
Lilac Lizard (1 year ago)
That's an interesting point, I wonder if anyone's working on some sort of mobile milking set up. I saw an in depth video from Tony Lovell, where he explained how they set up water points in the centre of 6 paddock rings for meat herds & is running a herd of 5000 animals in around 300 paddocks with this set up, but that wouldn't work for milking or shelter would it! hmm
ali bamshamsy (1 year ago)
I grow many seeds of exotic fruits by organic agriculture
Gustav (1 year ago)
+John Goudge We can easily see where we missed the synthetic fertilizer in our grass fields, it is different in our climate, and our neighbor has just gone organic on his sandy soils, it doesnt look good. I don't see how we should be able to milk 250 cows and having them going to fields up to 8 km apart + what about the cold winter with no grass growing + lots of busy roads + a totally change different in daily life, it will force us to have barns for cows anyway, and yes I know of soil carbon, but it isnt as important for us as people in high rainfall areas but we can still increase that with notill practice and CC.
Gustav (1 year ago)
+Peter Benvenuto Stiegmaier I don't see how we should be able to milk 250 cows and having them going to fields up to 8 km apart + what about the cold winter with no grass growing, it will force us to have barns for cows anyway, and yes I know of soil carbon, but it isnt as important for us as people in high rainfall areas but we can still increase the carbon with notill practice and Cover crops.
Andrew Reymer (2 years ago)
Come to New Zealand, Mc'Ds and BK use beef from pasture only animals, you don't have to be organic to work with nature like he is talking.
Dusty Stahn (1 year ago)
He is regenerative and rebuilds the land and that is a step or two above organic. Many organic farmers certified or not don't do that and some use synthetic chemicals.
Kazzana (1 year ago)
Weeds thrive in a bacteria dominated soil, and increasing the fungi will eliminate weeds. Dr Elaine Ingham has great educational videos on the soil web of life. It is about the soil, and this is relevant for every climate in the world. Much of the research is available on you tube. Weeds are natures protectors of bare ground, and as you go up the plant hierarchy the ratio of fungi to bacteria increases, therefore the most important thing you can do to control weeds, is to stop killing soil life and learn how to increase the fungi ratio in your soil. I understand how you came to your conclusions, but feel you are missing the key of soil life. Wheat does not have to be a mono culture crop, which by definition means tilled soil and periods of bare land. There are commercial examples of pretty much any type of regenerative farming videos on you tube. A quote from Joel; 'If your heart is closed, your mind won't listen'.
Gustav (2 years ago)
+Jefferdaughter They don't kill valuable weeds in the pasture because the weeds that appears does it because of poor management and those kind of weeds are woody low digestible forage and often the cattle wont eat it. I know all of those three farmers technics you refer to very well, but non of them are living in an area where grass weeds is the biggest issue, like at Joels location and also where I live in Denmark. Colin have dormant season which allows him to double crop but that doesnt work at Joels farm. Gabes location is low rainfall which makes bad conditions for weeds  and Davids location makes grasses life tough because of the heat. We live in cold wet locations. Joel wouldn't be able to grow a wheat crop without using a herbicide to kill grass weeds. Maybe he can get a decent yield of wheat without but it will be field with weeds, I dont know about that.
Jefferdaughter (2 years ago)
Actually, Gustav, more herbicides are used on lawns in America than on all ag land combined. Some smart crop farmers have also learned how to increase yeilds with no chemical fertilizers and NO HERBICIDES. They build soil - which cannot be done if the macro and microbial soil life is poisoned with chemical fertilizers, herbicides, or tillage - by using cover crops, or pasture cropping. Gabe Brown and Dave Brandt in the US are getting exceptional yields, and have documented soil improvement using no-till and NO HERBICIDES. Colin Seis in Australia is no-tilling small grain crops into pasture after a close grazing with his sheep. Soil erosion by wind or water is eliminated. Soil life thrives- improving fertility and soil texture, which aids roots and water absorption- just to name a few of the benefits. You can find presentations by all three on YouTube. In addition to cropland, herbicides are also used on hay and pasture, sometimes to kill 'weeds' that have as much or more nutritional value as the desired forage plants. Other times it is to kill plants that are perferred forages for, say, sheep in a cattle pasture, or goat forage in a horse pasture. Some smart farmers are learning the value of multi-species grazing, with numerous synergisitic benefits.
Gustav (2 years ago)
that is why he can get away with out using herbicides
C J Allison (2 years ago)
Oh....That's Tai Lopez's first mentor❤
NCIcaucus (3 years ago)
Won't see this kind of truth on the mass media or making it's way into the class room too much.
zarah doan (9 months ago)
and they drink less water because they get water from nature & from the grasses.
B uppy (10 months ago)
Sven Fautley Your source is???
B uppy (10 months ago)
Grace +Bolivian Billionaire Cattle respire and pee. Both functions regenerate water immediately back into the system. Grasses protect soils and keep moisture retaining humus at better levels than CAFOs (concentrated animal feedlot organizations) or conventional grain or vegetable crops. Add trees to your pastures, to replicate savannahs, and you multiply the benefits exponentially. These systems, once established, are very water economical, plus they rebuild soil. Rebuilding soil is important because it allows the water to percolate better into the soil instead of being wasted runoff. The permanent plantings of grasses and trees serve a similar function as percolators of water into the soil.
Dusty Stahn (1 year ago)
Bolivian Billionaire,  With pastured cattle that water goes back into the land in the form of urine, which fertilizes the land as well as irrigating it. The soil life purify it and it becomes fresh water again. Animals spread out in space and time cause no pollution. Concentrated in a small space for a long time pollution problems and depletes fresh water.  How much fresh water do you use to flush your waste down the sewer? Multiply that by the population of the city to find out how much water is needlessly wasted just the flush toilets. Is that water used for any other purpose than to pollute more water in the lakes, streams and oceans?  Cities and  concentrated animal factory farms are big causes of pollution and the shortage of fresh water. Should we eliminate  the  people in the cities and the animals in the factory farms or just stop using those destructive methods?
putin88100 (3 years ago)
Please come to Guelph, Ontario- They have one of the largest agricultural colleges in North America! They just built a multi-million Dollar research facility for dairy and beef. Conentration-camp style and pasture is only used to park cars on it.... Researching for the future of agriculture/livestock and not a single animal in their research facility ever sees the light of day. except the horses of course....
putin88100 (1 year ago)
you are right John. There is just more money to be made of a centralized, industrialized agriculture with high tech and science to it than from someone like Salatin who simlply produces food from soil. Even a single concentration camp farm enterprize that displaces 100 small scale farmers moves more bucks around than these 100 small scale farms would have. But, fortunately in a democracy the ultimate power comes with numbers and I know for sure that more people are unhappy with concentration camp farming than are happy with it. Joel Salatins popularity confirms that.
John Goudge (1 year ago)
Nonsense. Look at all the good union brothers and sisters at Dow and Monsanto(fertilizer, pesticides and herbicides) , John Deere and Case (machinery) and the ethanol producers plus their shareholders. Don't forget the trucking companies that haul all the above plus the produce and animals. You salad fixing might well be more widely traveled than you. Likewise your steak may have been born in Texas moved to a feed operation in Georgia to graze and be backgrounded on grain and then sent to an Iowa feedlot for finishing and finished off at a nearby packing operation.
Jefferdaughter (2 years ago)
The current world power structure is built on petroleum and petrochemicals. Since WWII, the push in America and Canada has been toward industrialization of what is a biological process: the production of food. This industrialization benefits the petrochemical industry almost exclusively.
Nick Cripps (2 years ago)
employ a scientific mind - sceptically interrogate until you've distilled to the Truth ... I wonder about the ultimate source(s) of the funding for such a massive project, and - further - for the department that administers it.
Beverly Kerr (3 years ago)
+putin88100 sad situation
A B (3 years ago)
Great talk!! It's a shame colleges are teaching cows need to eat corn.
bashful228 (1 year ago)
Corn lobby?!? It's the ranches and dairy industry (who have a VERY powerful lobby in USA) that chooses grains and corn you dim wit, without feedlots systems they could produce so much cattle in such a small amount of land and at such profits!
bashful228 (1 year ago)
Dietary controls actually can reduce methane production in ruminant livestock, you cant do that without daily dietary intervention.
Sven Fautley (1 year ago)
I've never met a cow that went to college ... do they get to choose their food ? ... and if they can't "make the grade", are they "put out to pasture" ?
Jefferdaughter (2 years ago)
Since the industrialization of agriculture, but especially in the period after WWII, our tax dollars have been used via the agriculture extension service to get farmers to stop farming ecologically (see 'Farm and Ecosystem' by Jerry Brunetti) and switch to fossil fuel and chemical-based farming.
Francis Graf (2 years ago)
Now we need look at how the corn lobby money finds its way into Universities and our Government. Ethanol and Animal feed? Insanity . . .

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