Symbiosis, including anemonefish & clownfish. Part 18 of my DVD, "Reef Life of the Andaman", available at http://www.bubblevision.com/marine-life-DVD.htm or view the whole 2-hour video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ncUVddkK3Q
In this video we see how fishes form symbiotic relationships with other marine life in order to defend themselves. First we find sea urchin cardinalfish, Siphamia versicolor, protecting themselves amongst the spines of sea urchins and crown-of-thorns starfish at Koh Bon, near the Similan Islands, and in the Mergui Archipelago. This is known as a "commensal" relationship, whereby one partner in the relationship benefits while the other receives neither benefit nor harm.
Anemonefish form symbiotic relationships with sea anemones. This is a mutually-beneficial symbiotic relationship. While the fish are protected, their faeces provide food for the anemone and they help keep it free of parasites. We see skunk clownfish, Clark's anemonefish, saddle anemonefish and the well-known ocellaris clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) finding their home in various species of sea anemone such as the magnificent anemone, Heteractis magnifica.
Porcelain anemone crabs, Neopetrolisthes maculatus, are found in sea anemones in the Similan Islands, while a magnificent shrimp, Ancylomenes magnificus, shelters under the stinging tentacles of a tube anemone at Burma's Shark Cave, itself covered in phoronid worms.
Finally we see how small and juvenile fish "hitchhike" in jellyfish to protect themself from predators.
The following closed captions/subtitles are available by clicking the CC button under the video:
NARRATION / COMMENTARY:
- German (Deutscher Kommentar)
- Spanish (Narración en Español)
MARINE LIFE & DIVE SITE NAMES
- Dutch (Nederlandse Namen)
- German (Deutsche Bezeichnungen)
- Thai ( ชื่อภาษาไทย & จุดดำน้ำ )
Please get in touch with me if you would like to help translate the narration or marine life names into other languages.
Thanks to Erik Verkoyen for the music track, "Pattern Errors".
I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
I post updates about my videos, and interesting underwater videos from other filmmakers here:
Thanks to Santana Diving of Phuket (http://www.santanaphuket.com), to Elfi and Uli Erfort and Daniel Bruehwiler for help with the German translation, and to Frank Nelissen for the Dutch subtitles.
Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:
00:00 Black Longspine Urchin, Diadema setosum, Koh Doc Mai
00:05 Sea Urchin Cardinalfish, Siphamia versicolor, Koh Bon
00:12 Sea Urchin Cardinalfish, Siphamia versicolor, Little Torres
00:22 Yellow Cardinalfish, Ostorhinchus luteus, Shark Cave
00:28 Skunk Clownfish, Amphiprion akallopisos, Home Run, Racha Yai
00:34 Skunk Clownfish, Amphiprion akallopisos, Bungalow Bay, Racha Yai
00:42 Skunk Clownfish, Amphiprion akallopisos, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai
00:49 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Hin Daeng
00:57 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Fan Forest Pinnacle
01:03 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Anita's Reef
01:15 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, East of Eden
01:23 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Koh Bon
01:32 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Rocky Point
01:37 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Shark Cave
01:43 Clark's Anemonefish, Amphiprion clarkii, Maya Bay, Phi Phi Leh
01:56 Saddle Anemonefish, Amphiprion ephippium, Richelieu Rock
02:22 Ocellaris Clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris, East of Eden
02:34 Ocellaris Clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris, Koh Tachai
02:54 Ocellaris Clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris, Koh Doc Mai
03:07 Domino Damsel, Dascyllus trimaculatus, Bungalow Bay, Racha Noi
03:18 Domino Damsels, Dascyllus trimaculatus, Black Rock
03:26 Clark's Anemonefish and Domino Damsels, East of Eden
03:32 Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus, Anita's Reef
03:44 Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus, Shark Fin Reef
04:02 Porcelain Anemone Crab, Neopetrolisthes maculatus, Moving Wall
04:18 Tube Anemone, Cerianthus sp., Shark Cave
04:29 Magnificent Shrimp, Ancylomenes magnificus, Shark Cave
04:52 Rhizostome Jellyfish, Versuriga anadyomene, Anemone Reef
05:05 Rhizostome Jellyfish, Versuriga anadyomene, Marita's Rock, Racha Noi
05:16 Crowned Jellyfish, Cephea cephea, East of Eden
05:22 Rhizostome Jellyfish, Crambione mastigophora, Shark Cave
05:31 Rhizostome Jellyfish, Versuriga anadyomene, Richelieu Rock
05:48 Australian Spotted Jellyfish, Phyllorhiza punctata, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai