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Oracle DBA - Solve Long Running Query & TX Row Lock Contention | Performance Tuning
 
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How to Solve Row Lock Contention in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning - Oracle DBA Solve Row Lock Contention & Long Running Query in Oracle Database - Performance Tuning Oracle DBA - Performance Tuning Row Lock Contention Please Like, Comment, Subscribe and Share... Boxcut Media.
Views: 5588 BoxCut Media
Oracle - Locking - Beginner
 
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Oracle - Locking - Beginner
Views: 8113 Chris Ostrowski
oracle world - Row Level Lock in Oracle database
 
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Hello friends in this video we learn how the lock occur in database automatically when multiple user modified the same transaction in their session. #RowLevelLock Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 6901 Oracle World
Oracle Locks Explained Part 1
 
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Oracle Locks explained. How to Kill a User session in oracle database- Neway IT Solutions
Views: 1967 NewayITSolutions LLC
01 Oracle database Table lock
 
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Purpose Use the LOCK TABLE statement to lock one or more tables, table partitions, or table subpartitions in a specified mode. This lock manually overrides automatic locking and permits or denies access to a table or view by other users for the duration of your operation. Some forms of locks can be placed on the same table at the same time. Other locks allow only one lock for a table. A locked table remains locked until you either commit your transaction or roll it back, either entirely or to a savepoint before you locked the table. A lock never prevents other users from querying the table. A query never places a lock on a table. Readers never block writers and writers never block readers. See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for a complete description of the interaction of lock modes COMMIT ROLLBACK SAVEPOINT Prerequisites The table or view must be in your own schema or you must have the LOCK ANY TABLE system privilege, or you must have any object privilege on the table or view. ROW SHARE ROW SHARE permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits users from locking the entire table for exclusive access. ROW SHARE is synonymous with SHARE UPDATE, which is included for compatibility with earlier versions of Oracle Database. ROW EXCLUSIVE ROW EXCLUSIVE is the same as ROW SHARE, but it also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting. SHARE UPDATE See ROW SHARE. SHARE SHARE permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE SHARE ROW EXCLUSIVE is used to look at a whole table and to allow others to look at rows in the table but to prohibit others from locking the table in SHARE mode or from updating rows. EXCLUSIVE EXCLUSIVE permits queries on the locked table but prohibits any other activity on it. NOWAIT Specify NOWAIT if you want the database to return control to you immediately if the specified table, partition, or table subpartition is already locked by another user. In this case, the database returns a message indicating that the table, partition, or subpartition is already locked by another user. WAIT Use the WAIT clause to indicate that the LOCK TABLE statement should wait up to the specified number of seconds to acquire a DML lock. There is no limit on the value of integer. If you specify neither NOWAIT nor WAIT, then the database waits indefinitely until the table is available, locks it, and returns control to you. When the database is executing DDL statements concurrently with DML statements, a timeout or deadlock can sometimes result. The database detects such timeouts and deadlocks and returns an error.
Views: 691 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
How to identify and resolve database locks in Spotlight on Oracle
 
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This video shows how to identify and resolve database locks in Spotlight on Oracle. https://www.quest.com/Spotlight-on-Oracle
Views: 4730 DellTechCenter
Oracle username and password and Account unlocking
 
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all education purpose videos
Views: 268592 Chandra Shekhar Reddy
Oracle SubQueries Part - 1 by Dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
flashback in Oracle | Oracle SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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Flashback in Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 13183 Naresh i Technologies
How to manager Oracle database locks and deadlocks with Oracle Enterprise Manager 12C
 
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Video tutorials on How to manager Oracle database locks and deadlocks with Oracle Enterprise Manager 12C For more Database Administration articles and scripts go to www.aodba.com & www.verticablog.com More Articles, Scripts and How-To Papers on http://www.aodba.com
Views: 3134 AO DBA
How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks
 
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How to Easily Identifying Oracle Locks. For more information, please go to: http://www.embarcadero.com/products/dbartisan-xe
Views: 2021 DBPowerStudio
Locks   Blocks   Deadlocks
 
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Understanding Locks, Blocks and dead locks in oracle database.
Views: 3425 OrSkl Academy
The Best Tutorial About Oracle Database Rollback And Locking Segments Overview
 
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Oracle Database Locking And Rollback Segments, The Best Tutorial About Oracle Database Rollback And Locking Segments Overview
Views: 5 Mgs Creations
Oracle Midlands #13: All About Table Locks - Franck Pachot
 
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Timestamps: 0:45 - Basics 5:03 - TX lock demo 9:30 - TM lock info 21:04 - Foreign key index demo 28:48 - 10g, 11g, 12c locking differences 41:50 - New online operations in 12c 46:26 - Event 10704 trace 50:34 - Deadlock demo 53:42 - Q&A Franck discusses different types of locking scenarios to consider with your systems. The slides are available at: Google: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B0DLaAfeW6uKZmJ3TXE0WGtLYlE Dropbox: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/9koxoemak8ts7j6/AADozVVYLoK_FdDZbQGC6TYta This event was sponsored by Red Stack Technology (http://redstacktechnology.com/). See more events at http://OracleMidlands.com/ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. "Fair Dealing" under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Views: 710 Oracle Midlands
Solving Performance Problems on Oracle DB
 
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Solving Performance Problems on Oracle DB Matthew Vegh - Embarcadero Thursday, June 26, 2014 - 11am DBAs and database developers regularly spend a lot of time tracking down and resolving performance issues on the database servers they are responsible for; it can be very difficult, frustrating, and expensive. Given the complex interactions of applications, users and databases, new performance issues can arise almost as fast as old ones can be addressed. This session will simulate common performance problems on an Oracle server and then both identify those problems and provide effective solutions. Matthew Vegh is a Software Architect at Embarcadero Technologies for the Embarcadero DB Power Studio family of products and has been with the company for the better part of a decade. He has over 15 years of development experience with a wide range of technologies and a definite preference for database tooling.
SQL tutorial 41: How to UNLOCK USER in oracle Database
 
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SQL tutorial on How to unlock user or schema in oracle database or how to unlock hr account/user/schema in oracle database using alter user SQL command. you can use the steps to change the password of any user in oracle database explained in detail. Celebrating 1000 subscribers. Thanks a lot guys for all your love and support. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Blog Link: http://bit.ly/unlock-user-in-oracle -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the first one to see my ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/ Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 37463 Manish Sharma
Oracle Deadlock
 
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Views: 172 Ladida455
how to run sql query in oracle 11g | version 2 |
 
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how to sql queries using oracle database
Views: 1977 Education 4u
Why is my Oracle Database Slow? The SQL Developer Performance Dashboard
 
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Oracle SQL Developer's product manager, Jeff Smith, takes you through the Instance Viewer: a performance dashboard for your Oracle Database. See expensive queries, wait event break downs, and more!
Views: 1032 Jeff Smith
Oracle database locking issue
 
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Analyzing locks with d.side - Automatic diagnostic for Oracle databases performance and troubleshooting http://www.dside-software.com Copyright (c) d.side software
Views: 258 D.SIDE SOFTWARE
Difference between blocking and deadlocking
 
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deadlock vs blocking sql server In this video we will discuss the difference between blocking and deadlocking. This is one of the common SQL Server interview question. Let us understand the difference with an example. SQL Script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go Blocking : Occurs if a transaction tries to acquire an incompatible lock on a resource that another transaction has already locked. The blocked transaction remains blocked until the blocking transaction releases the lock. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that Transaction 2 is blocked by Transaction 1. Transaction 2 is allowed to move forward only when Transaction 1 completes. --Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 Waitfor Delay '00:00:10' Commit Transaction --Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableA set Name='Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 Commit Transaction Deadlock : Occurs when two or more transactions have a resource locked, and each transaction requests a lock on the resource that another transaction has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. So in this case, SQL Server intervenes and ends the deadlock by cancelling one of the transactions, so the other transaction can move forward. Example : Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. Notice that there is a deadlock between Transaction 1 and Transaction 2. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?sort=dd&view=1 Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/difference-between-blocking-and.html
Views: 69100 kudvenkat
flashback query in oracle
 
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in this tutorial i teach flashback query in oracle
Simplified DBA-019-Data Concurrency and Locks
 
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DATA CONCURRENCY More than one user connections ( session ) can access same data. For example user1 and user2 can view same employee information at the same time. But not two users can modify same data in one time. This is maintained by oracle lock mechanism. Before the database allows a session to modify data, the session must first lock the data that is being modified. A lock gives the session exclusive control over the data so that no other transaction can modify the locked data until the lock is released. Transactions can lock individual rows of data, multiple rows, or even entire tables. Oracle Database supports both manual and automatic locking. Automatically acquired locks always choose the lowest possible level of locking to minimize potential conflicts with other transactions. Demo: User1 is modifying an employee. User1 session will acquire a lock on the row. Same time user2 is trying to modify same employee. Since User1 has acquired lock, user2 has to wait until user1 releases the lock. Manual locking is possible. A user can place a lock manually as follows: LOCK TABLE mytable1 IN EXCLUSIVE MODE; With the preceding statement, any other transaction that tries to update a row in the locked table must wait until the transaction that issued the lock request completes. EXCLUSIVE is the strictest lock mode. The following are the other lock modes: ROW SHARE: Permits concurrent access to the locked table but prohibits sessions from locking the entire table for exclusive access ROW EXCLUSIVE: Is the same as ROW SHARE, but also prohibits locking in SHARE mode. The ROW EXCLUSIVE locks are automatically obtained when updating, inserting, or deleting data. ROW EXCLUSIVE locks allow multiple readers and one writer. SHARE: Permits concurrent queries but prohibits updates to the locked table. A SHARE lock is required (and automatically requested) to create an index on a table. However, online index creation requires a ROW SHARE lock that is used when building the index.
Oracle tutorial : Using execution plan to optimize query in oracle
 
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Oracle tutorial: Explain plan for query optimization in Oracle PLSQL oracle tutorial for beginners using execution plan to optimize query sql query analyzer sql query cost analysis https://techquerypond.wordpress.com This oracle tutorial show you how to use EXPLAIN PLAN in oracle. This video covers how to check cost of the query from DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY . You can find the cost of the query using the Using EXPLAIN PLAN FOR and based on the result you can optimize the query for faster performance. Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 9657 Tech Query Pond
Troubleshooting a Complex Oracle Performance Issue
 
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In this session Tanel will walk you through troubleshooting a yet another complex performance issue that he has faced in past. Again, the initial symptoms point to a different direction than the actual root cause, so a systematic approach was needed.
Views: 3149 Tanel Poder
DML Processing in an Oracle Database -  DBArch Video 8
 
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This video explains the steps involved in processing a DML statement in an Oracle Database Server. Our Upcoming Online Course Schedule is available in the url below https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1qKpKf32Zn_SSvbeDblv2UCjvtHIS1ad2_VXHh2m08yY/edit#gid=0 Reach us at [email protected]
Views: 49344 Ramkumar Swaminathan
Oracle Database Memory Serialization Control (latches & mutexes)
 
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Oracle Database Memory Serialization Control (latches & mutexes) teaches Oracle DBAs the ends and outs about Oracle memory structure control. Oracle effectively creates the illusion of simultaneous memory structure manipulation. And it's our job to ensure this illusion remains a mystery to our users. To help you keep this illusion real, in this seminar I will lead you into the mysterious world of Oracle memory structure serialization control by exploring latches and mutexes: what they are, how they work, how we monitor their performance, how we tell if there is a significant problem and how we systematically diagnose the situation. I think you will soon understand why I think Oracle serialization control rocks! For details go to http://www.orapub.com/video-seminar-serialization-control PART ONE of this seminar focuses on why latches and mutexes are so important to Oracle's operations and how Oracle uses latches and mutexes in its kernel code. I also dig into how Oracle's time model relates to latching. This enables you to properly diagnosis and communicate to others why or why not latches/mutexes are a significant performance issue. Finally, I get into how Oracle increases concurrency by effectively using multiple latches of the same type to increase memory structure concurrency. It's fascinating and very important for DBAs who want to pursue a career focused on Oracle performance tuning. PART TWO begins by focusing on advanced latch spin control and detailing three ways to identify the problem latch. Then I'll begin digging deep into mutexes, including why they are important, why Oracle began using them and the acquisition algorithm. I'll even get into advanced mutex control using Oracle instance parameters. We will observe Oracle using mutexes by operating system tracing Oracle processes. It's pretty cool and key for any DBA who wants to become a performance expert. What You Will Learn In Part 1 & 2 - Why Oracle processes must ensure serial access control to Oracle memory structures - What are Oracle latches and mutexes - How Oracle latches are different from mutexes - The latch and mutex acquisition algorithms - How L&M activity relates to Oracle's time model - How to monitor for real L&M problems using Oracle's time model and an AWR report - Steps to methodically approach diagnosing and coming up with performance solutions - The differences between latches and mutexes - How Oracle implement mutexes in its library cache - How to use advanced latch spin control - What options DBAs have to influence mutex behavior L&M = Latches And Mutexes Modules Part 1: 060 Oracle Serialization Control - Part 1 1. Why the simultaneous memory structure illusion must exist and why it works so well 2 Oracle processes, L&M and memory structures, the general L&M acquisition algorithm 3 L&M time accounting and how this relates to the Oracle time model and the AWR report 4. Oracle latch specifics: concurrency limitations, child latches, multiple latches and how latches "back off." Part 2: 062 Oracle Serializatoin Control - Part 2 1. Using latch specific spin count control to your advantage and three ways to identify the problem latch 2. Why mutexes are advantageous to increase concurrency 3. Detailing the Oracle mutex algorithm 4. Advanced mutex control and observering Oracle mutex usage in detail For more information to go www.orapub.com
Views: 2631 OraPub, Inc.
Oracle - SQL - Select Statement
 
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Oracle - SQL - Select Statement Watch more Videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Anadi Sharma, Tutorials Point India Private Limited.
SQL Server deadlock example
 
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Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/08/sql-server-deadlock-example_25.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists When can a deadlock occur In a database, a deadlock occurs when two or more processes have a resource locked, and each process requests a lock on the resource that another process has already locked. Neither of the transactions here can move forward, as each one is waiting for the other to release the lock. When deadlocks occur, SQL Server will choose one of processes as the deadlock victim and rollback that process, so the other process can move forward. The transaction that is chosen as the deadlock victim will produce the following error. Msg 1205, Level 13, State 51, Line 1 Transaction (Process ID 57) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction. SQL script to create the tables and populate them with test data Create table TableA ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableA values ('Mark') Go Create table TableB ( Id int identity primary key, Name nvarchar(50) ) Go Insert into TableB values ('Mary') Go The following 2 transactions will result in a dead lock. Open 2 instances of SQL Server Management studio. From the first window execute Transaction 1 code and from the second window execute Transaction 2 code. -- Transaction 1 Begin Tran Update TableA Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the first update statement Update TableB Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 1' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 2 window execute the second update statement Commit Transaction -- Transaction 2 Begin Tran Update TableB Set Name = 'Mark Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- From Transaction 1 window execute the second update statement Update TableA Set Name = 'Mary Transaction 2' where Id = 1 -- After a few seconds notice that one of the transactions complete -- successfully while the other transaction is made the deadlock victim Commit Transaction Next Video : We will discuss the criteria SQL Server uses to choose a deadlock victim
Views: 57859 kudvenkat
Oracle 11g Lock Monitoring with Read Committed Transaction Isolation Level Brief Explanation
 
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Oracle 11g memiliki 2 jenis transaction isolation level yaitu Read Committed dan Serializable. Secara default transaction isolation pada Oracle adalah Read Committed, yaitu ketika sebuah session melakukan Insert/Update/Delete pada sebuah data dilanjutkan dengan commit maka session lain akan secara otomatis membaca data yang sama. Terdapat Row Level Lock (TX) dan Table Level Lock (TM). Video ini memberikan contoh jelas tentang transaksi yang terjadi ketika proses locking terjadi.
Views: 170 Boby Siswanto
Oracle 12c Performance Tuning - Webinar 17/08/2017
 
01:01:08
In this webinar, we will overview performance problems with nowadays database applications. It will explore various approaches to tackle these performance problems after introducing key natures of Oracle database engine. For more information visit the New Horizons website: https://goo.gl/SFn78P
Oracle   joins Part -1 by dinesh
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
Stored Procedures in PL/SQL | Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
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Stored Procedures:- A Stored Procedure is also a Named PL/SQL block the accepts some input in the form of parameters and performs some task and many or many not returns a value Procedures are created to perform one or more dml operations over database.
Views: 43510 Naresh i Technologies
SCPT 37: Optimistic and Pessimistic Locking
 
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Oracle DBA Tutorials For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=6 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 22069 Oresoft LWC
Identifying and Tuning Queries that Cause Oracle Wait Events
 
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Identifying and Tuning Queries that Cause Oracle Wait Events. For more information, please go to: http://www.embarcadero.com/products/db-optimizer-xe
Views: 24630 DBPowerStudio
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 61254 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Performance Tuning - Loading Data - 04 Direct Path Load
 
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Connect with me or follow me at https://www.linkedin.com/in/durga0gadiraju https://www.facebook.com/itversity https://github.com/dgadiraju https://www.youtube.com/c/TechnologyMentor https://twitter.com/itversity
Views: 1833 itversity
GRANT,DEADLOCK IN ORACLE PART2
 
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PART 2 6-GRANT 7-DEADLOCK BY YASSIR TAQATQA بواسطة ياسر طقاطقة
Views: 836 Yassir Taqatqa
PLSQL Trigger, Row and Statement Level Trigger, How to Write Trigger in Oracle 11g Database
 
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PLSQL Trigger, Row and Statement Level Trigger, How to Write Trigger in Oracle 11g Database PL-SQL tutorial for Beginners in Hindi and English
Why Isn't My Query Using an Index?
 
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“Why isn’t my query using an index?” is a common question people have when tuning SQL. This session explores the factors that influence the optimizer’s decision to answer this question. It does so by comparing fetching rows from a database table to finding all the red M&Ms a packet, and contrasts using an index range scan and a full table scan. It also introduces the concepts of blocks and the clustering factor. The session offers a discussion of how these affect the optimizer's calculations, and includes a demo of how these concepts work in practice using real SQL queries. This session is intended for developers who want to learn the basics of how the optimizer chooses between an index range or full table scan. Speaker: Chris Saxon
Views: 266 Oracle Developers

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