The Hermann Monument commemorates a Germanic war chief who led an alliance of tribes that ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. In AD 98, the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus wrote a text called “About the Origin and Mores of the Germanic Peoples,” or Germania, as it came to be called. In the 1940's, the Germania was taught in German schools and widely celebrated as a comprehensive account of the ancient Germanic people. https://atlanteangardens.blogspot.com/2018/08/ancient-germanic-history-robert-sepehr.html
The rune stones of the Viking period were erected in memory of mostly powerful people and their honorable deeds, intended to be visible, painted in bright colors, and they often stood near roads or bridges, not necessarily placed at the burial of the person they commemorated. The Vikings also used runes for magic.
The beautiful music in this video is performed by Emelie Waldken, and she is playing the Nyckelharpa, a traditional Swedish string instrument similar in appearance to a fiddle. You can hear the song in its entirety, and learn more about this instrument here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bk7qO-cCYZ8
Robert Sepehr is an author, producer, and anthropologist.
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